The nature of control is to waste value. They function like the brake in a car. Every time you apply the brake you by definition waste energy that has already been put into the system.
This indicates that any proper and useful definition of empowerment would have three categories in it, namely those of means, ability and accountability.
The sad reality is that the understanding of empowerment that is current our country at the moment seems to confirm the issue of expectation rather than that of contribution.