In the Broadest sense, there are two kinds of people, or perhaps better, two “ways of being”. Competitive or Cooperative.
This suggests that true giving requires a person to act for a reason which is higher than their self-interest. Giving requires that we set aside our needs and act instead on the basis of values.
Executives and managers call such an interest “micro-managing”. They feel that it is not their job to involve themselves in the job of their subordinates, their job is to ensure that the subordinates achieve the required results.